Delhi Police: Blind and deaf?

I got a call from a fake NGO today. They asked for money for a child’s treatment. They have a Facebook Page. They have a LinkedIn account. They claim to be registered but they are not.

Since I had a lot of free time, I decided to call Delhi Police’s Cyber Crime Cell and report the matter. Several websites list +91-11-4362203 and +91-11-4392424 as Cyber crime’s number. These seven digit landline numbers are obviously not correct. So, I called 100. The officer connected my call to enquiry. The officer handling enquiry calls asked me to call 011-23239077 or 8750871243. The landline number was not working and the mobile number belonged to somebody who had nothing to do with Delhi Police.

I tried to see how the “Online Complaint Lodging System for Economic and Cyber Offences” on Delhi Police’s website works. Tried to log in, but it does not work either.

So, I called 1090, the toll-free number that Delhi Police calls “Eyes and Ears”. Remember the radio ads, where Delhi police ask people to become their eyes and ears and help them stop crime? Yes, the same number.

The officer who picked up the phone seemed to be in a hurry. As soon as he heard me speaking (a woman’s voice), he asked me to call women cell. I explained that my complaint relates to cyber crime. So, he gave me 2 more numbers: 011-23348398 and 23746782. Call to the first number remained unanswered. When I dialed the second number, another officer picked up and told me it was a wrong number and the correct number for cyber crime is 011-23364421.

So, I dialed 011-23364421. The number was busy for quite some time. I kept calling. After 15 mins, the call got connected but nobody picked up.

In the meanwhile, I sent tweets to @CPDelhi @DelhiPolice. I received a standard reply: “@sbasu_in @CPDelhi Please report the matter at your local Police Station for necessary action.”

But, if you go to the police station, duty officers say, “Yaha se nahi hoga” or “you are not the sufferer so leave it”!

So, people, Delhi Police’s ‘eye and ear’ thing is a sham. You cannot provide them information on an impending crime. Half of the officers have no clue what cyber crime means or uses of social media. Half of them want to evade responsibility. So, Delhi Police will rather wait for the crime to happen than take action to avert it.

Thank you!

PS: They promised a 24X7 cyber crime helpline in July. 2016. It’s still not there.

pic

Advertisements

Time for some ‘sustainable charity’

For the last couple of days, my Facebook wall is getting filled with videos of people pouring bucketful of ice on themselves.

The Ice Bucket Challenge has gone viral but I don’t know why I thought the ‘virus’ was contained outside the geographical periphery of India. I realised my mistake when recently I saw videos of my friends taking the challenge and daring their friends to do the same. It has scared me and I pray every day before logging in. I hope the prayers would save me from my friends who could be potential ice bucket challengers. Honestly, I didn’t know what it meant. I read it had something to do with ALS. I didn’t even know the full form of ALS nor did the videos tickle my curiosity to find out what it meant till my colleague explained it in her article

So far so good. I finally found out that that nearly 30,000 US citizens suffered from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and the ice bucket challenge was started to educate ignorant persons like me and collect donations that could be used to eradicate the disease. Soon, I was tagged in a video on Facebook that showed an ALS victim emphasising how life is for him and how the challenge lifts his spirits.

But I still failed to understand how pouring a bucket of ice has anything to do with ALS, a disease so critical. The challenge is: it dares nominated participants to be filmed while a bucket of ice-cold water is being poured on them ‘or’ donate $100 to the association; the person posting the video tags others and they have to dare to do the same. The use of ‘or’ in the sentence is very important. Does that mean that all the people who took the challenge and poured ice on themselves did so to avoid paying $100. The challenge poses new confusion for me every day.

But what I found really, really irritating was: why do we have to waste so much water for awareness? Is it because the campaign designers could not think of anything better? So, I started doing rough calculations.

A Facebook report, quoted widely by several newspapers and websites, says that since June 1, 2014, more than 1.2 million videos of people taking ice bucket challenge was posted on the social networking site. This means 1.2 million people across the world took the challenge. If the average size of the bucket is accepted to be 10 litres (though several videos show people using a bigger bucket), 12 million litres or 12,000 kilolitres of water has gone down the drains because of the challenge. Could all this water be used for a better purpose?

I start calculating again. The Union Ministry of Urban Development’s benchmark for per capita water usage is 135 litres. Average size of a household in India is five members. So, every household needs approximately 675 litres of water, which means 12,000 kilolitre water could have provided water to more than 17,777 households.  The 12,000 kilolitres of water that was wasted just because “it was fun” could have provided water to 88,888 people.

According to various reports, the average distance that women in Africa and Asia have to walk to collect water is 6 km and the weight of water they carry on their heads is about 20 litres. Today, 1.1 billion people still do not have adequate access to safe water and 2.4 billion people are without appropriate sanitation.

Several Hollywood and Bollywood actors have also been active takers of the challenge. The first video of the challenge that I saw was of Hollywood actor Ashton Kutcher and they have pretty much been doing what others did ~ pour a bucket of ice on themselves. Matt Damon was perhaps the first in the entertainment industry to do something different. He poured toilet water on himself to make a statement on water conservation. According to his statement to various media, he said that quality of drinking water in several countries is worse than toilet water in the US. So, to save clean water from being wasted, he completed the challenge using toilet water.

Several Bollywood actors and actresses have also declined the challenge. Priyanka Chopra, for instance, did not take the challenge but Sonakshi Sinha was the first one to say that the challenge was waste of water. Some people have also been saying on the Internet that people who complain about the challenge should compensate for the wastage of water by spending five minutes less under the shower! Well, why not spend five minutes less under the shower and at the same time save the bucket full of ice too?

The challenge has not only triggered water wastage but also electricity. I start rough calculations again and this is what I found. It is estimated that around 1kWh (unit) energy is required to get around a bucket (10litres) of potable water and another kWh to make it ice cold. So, the recent Ice Bucket Challenge taken by each person is wastage of about 2 kWh of electricity.

If 1.2 million people have taken the challenge and used their fridge to make ice, total energy spent comes to around 24,000,000 kWh.  Now, the average electricity required to run two CFLs and two ceiling fans for 24 hours comes to roughly 1.5 kWh.

According to reports, 75 million households in India do not have access to electricity. So, with the energy wasted for the challenge, 16 million households could have been lighted up.

California slaps fines on challenge takers
Now, I don’t know whether I belong any of the categories of Ice Bucket Challenge haters, but it is the time for some “sustainable charity”. If people really care about ALS patients, they should just donate and not waste resources such as water and electricity. It seems at least the California government agrees with me. They have stared slapping fines on Ice Bucket Challenge participants for wasting water in the drought-prone region.

PS: A journalist in Gaza started a campaign where people dump a bucket full of rubble on themselves. Instead of water, which is scarce in Gaza, and ice (there is no electricity there) people are dumping rubble on themselves to raise awareness about the people whose houses were razed to ground.

Why 700 litres free water daily may remain a far cry for Delhi

Santosh Singh, a resident of Sangam Vihar and a worker at confectioner’s shop, was threatened with a gun the last time he talked about water availability in his locality. All he had done to get such a treatment was to seek his neighbour’s support to ask Delhi Jal Board (DJB) to provide a new tubewell for area.

The rogues from Delhi’s tanker mafia, which is paid a handsome amount by the residents for installing a borewell, sarcastically asked his wife whether Santosh had life insurance. He was unable to do anything to get water from DJB and his wife, till today, has to go and fetch water from private tankers amidst catcalls. At times, even glass shards are thrown at his doorstep by the mafia men. Of the Rs 6,000 that Santosh earns, he is forced to pay Rs 400 to the mafia for getting access to water extracted from ‘government’ borewells.

Kejriwal on Monday announced the supply of 20 kilolitres a month (almost 700 litres a day) of free water for Delhi households from January 1, 2014. The decision came after a meeting with the Delhi Jal Board (DJB) officials. Vijay Kumar, the new CEO of DJB, told reporters that 20 kilolitres of free water per month and 670 litres per day will be provided to households with working meters. People who use more this will have to pay for the total amount of water they consume. The supply of water under this plan would continue till March 2014.

But the Aam Aadmi Party leader’s decision means that water would be free for Santosh’s employer who stays in Kalkaji, but Santosh will still keep paying Rs 400 or even double the amount just because he does not have a pipeline water connection provided by the government.

The party manifesto also says that water is the biggest concern for the “aam aadmi” in Delhi as more than five million people do not get piped water in their homes. Kejriwal has assured that all households in Delhi will get water in their homes, irrespective of their location in slums, authorised or unauthorised colonies, and has clarified that a solution will be found for those who do not have piped water supply. This, however, may mean that till the way is not found, the water sop will be given to people who are better off while the “aam aadmi” would continue to face water scarcity and end up paying a lot for the water he gets.

image

Decoding the AAP promise

Considering that the average number of people in a family is five, AAP promise means 140 litres per capita per day (LPCD) and 21kilolitre (kl) consumption per household per month. A household with this amount of consumption per month falls in the third slab of water tariff, which will now be subsidised.

According to government estimates, 30 per cent of Delhi’s 22 million population lives in urban villages and unauthorized colonies (called jhuggi jhopri or JJ clusters) and these areas do not have an official water-pipe connection. Delhi has 14,000 km of extensive water pipeline network. But, only 68 per cent of city’s 2.5 million households s i.e. 1.7 million households have piped water connections while the rest of 38 per cent remains unreached. About 25 per cent of the city area remains uncovered by piped water supply.

According to the recent National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) survey, 15.6 per cent of Delhi’s urban households and 29.7 per cent of its rural ones don’t get sufficient drinking water throughout the year.

The areas which do not have pipelines meet their water requirement through handpumps and tankers. Also, there are a few newly developed localities which do not have an official pipeline yet. Here, the demand is met invariably through tankers or groundwater. This inequity in distribution leads to inequity in supply. The per capita availability of water in the city varies from shocking 29 LPCD in parts of outer Delhi such as Mehrauli to as high as 509 LPCD in the posh residential areas falling under the administration of New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC).

image

The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) report, released in April 2013, had exposed the poor provision of public services to residents of Delhi and also pointed out at the inequity in water supply. It stated that 24.8 per cent of Delhi’s population is being supplied 3.82 litres per capita daily, which is far less than the minimum stipulated average of 40 litres, established by the World Health Organisation. When the CAG carried out a study of the command area of the Nangloi plant, one of the six treatment plants for Delhi, it found the prevalence of iniquitous supply, ranging from three litres to more than 220 litres per person per day. DJB had defended this by stating that “large number of unauthorized growth in unplanned colonies in west and southwest Delhi has led to an unrationalised supply of water.”

Skewed water supply
Per capita supply per day Population served
Below 20 litres 573,000
20 to 50 litres 879,000
50 to 75 litres 332,000
75 to 100 litres 134,000
100 to 150 litres 40,000
Above 150 litres 390,000
Source: CAG Audit Report No. 2 of the year 2013

“The Delhi Jal Board neither has a proper system to measure the water supplied to different areas nor does it have access to reliable data on population in different areas. It, therefore, cannot ensure equitable supply of water,” noted the report released in April. To indicate the potential loss in revenues, less than 40 per cent of water produced was billed during last three years. Also, 679,000 connections (35 per cent) of the 1,964,000 water connections in the city are without functional metres. DJB has plans to install 800,000 new meters, but the deadlines for these projects remain unclear.

‘Things cannot be changed overnight’

According to the latest Delhi Economic Survey, the city has a network of about 11,350 km of water supply mains. But a significant portion of this is 40-50 years old and prone to leakages.

“Of the total pipeline-network length of 14,000 km, only 200 km was repaired in 2012-2013. Water loss due to leakage is as much as 45 per cent and there are issues like inequitable distribution and lack of storage capacity. These issues cannot be resolved overnight,” said a senior official of DJB. He also told us that Kejriwal had a meeting with DJB core officials on last Thursday.

In Sangam Vihar alone, the government has dug 118 borewells from where the residents have to draw water. However, these borewells are monopolized by the tanker mafia. Many have dried out due to exploitation over the years. If people like Santosh raise their voice against the system, they are threatened and even beaten up. The Delhi Jal Board, which manages about 250 water tankers itself, has partially outsourced the supply of water through tankers to three private corporations.

If a citizen calls an emergency number of the Delhi Jal Board to ask for water, it is obligatory for the board to send a tanker within three hours. But, citizens say that the emergency numbers are either non-functional or remain busy throughout the day.

Storage another problem

“Even if the pipelines are laid overnight, where will the people store 700 litres of water? The infrastructural flaws in the houses in these urban villages and unauthorized colonies are bound to trigger wastage. Especially when there is a huge gap between water availability and demand,” said the DJB official.

The Delhi Jal Board (DJB) supplies about 835 million gallon daily (MGD) whereas the current requirement of the city is about 1,025 MGD. A few reports suggest that the average supply in 2009-10, 2010-11 and 2011-12 was 800, 835 and 818 MGD respectively.

According to the CAG report, the untreated water that DJB gets is not sufficient to meet Delhi’s demand. The shortfall is being met through private borewells and private vendors. The report makes several valid points regarding leakages in the system, lack of monitoring and measurement, and importantly the non-removal of silt from Yamuna at Wazirabad pond. It also says that the pond, which is the source of water for Wazirabad and Chandrawal water treatment plants, can reduce its holding capacity due to deposit of silt to the extent of three to four feet. The last time the pond was dredged was in 2006. DJB replied to the CAG query on why the silt has not been removed yet by saying that “…not much expertise exists in Delhi”. The CAG report stated that “the reply is not convincing as dredging was carried out in 2006 as well.”

‘AAP benchmark against global practice’

The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) has set a benchmark for the per capita water usage at 135 LPCD. According to the AAP promise, every person would get 140 LPCD which including the leakage would stand at approximately 175 LPCD. “Supplying 175 LPCD is too much and against global practice. This can easily be reduced to 110 LPCD with conservation efforts like using mug and bucket in place of flush or shower and. This way, an individual in India would require maximum 50 to 60 litres of water every day and a family of five members would need only 350 litres,” said Manoj Mishra, convener of Yamuna Jiye Abhiyan. He also suggested that instead of providing free water, government should have tariff slabs and charge as low as 50 paise per litre for the first 700-litre bracket.

Apart from 700 litre free water, AAP manifesto also promises transparency in the functioning of the DJB, which presently keeps no account of how much water is being received from different sources and how much water is being supplied to each area. Bulk meters would also be installed and the data gathered from them will be put on the DJB website every day. The party, which has openly opposed privatisation of DJB, has promised to clamp down the tanker mafia. It is also committed to long-run solutions like city-wide rainwater harvesting, revival of Delhi’s water bodies and conservation and recycling of water.

Public participation for better sanitation

To connect provide sewage facilities to all households, irrespective of them being slums or unauthorised colonies, the party has assured construction of 200,000 community and public toilets and availability of small, decentralised sewage plants managed by Mohalla Sabhas.  The manifesto also says that waste would be managed with direct participation of people by encouraging separation of bio-degradable and non-biodegradable waste at the household level and imposing fines for littering.

“Let us hope for the best. I have been living here for the past 8-9 years. Every now and then I have had to wade through foot deep sewage water on the road along the DDA Park. We were convinced that we will have to wait for another eight or nine years to get proper sanitation and water facilities. So, waiting a few more months is not a bad idea at all,” says Prakash Varma, resident of Sangam Vihar.

“If Kejriwal keeps his promises, it could bring positive changes. But does he has enough time so make so many changes?” asks Mahesh Verma, an RTI activist.

Statistics